SINA

The Web of Data contains a wealth of knowledge belonging to a large number of domains. Retrieving data from such precious interlinked knowledge bases is an issue. By taking the structure of data into account, it is expected that upcoming generation of search engines is approaching to question answering systems, which directly answer user questions. But developing a question answering over these interlinked data sources is still challenging because of two inherent characteristics: First, different datasets employ heterogeneous schemas and each one may only contain a part of the answer for a certain question. Second, constructing a federated formal query across different datasets requires exploiting links between these datasets on both the schema and instance levels. In this respect, several challenges such as resource disambiguation, vocabulary mismatch, inference, link traversal are raised. In this dissertation, we address these challenges in order to build a question answering system for Linked Data. We present our question answering system Sina, which transforms user-supplied queries (i.e. either natural language queries or keyword queries) into conjunctive SPARQL queries over a set of interlinked data sources. Sina encounters the following challenges: - Query segmentation - Query disambiguation - Query reformulation - Formal query construction - Data fusion on Linked Data - Query cleaning

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The Web of Data contains a wealth of knowledge belonging to a large number of domains. Retrieving data from such precious interlinked knowledge bases is an issue. By taking the structure of data into account, it is expected that upcoming generation of search engines is approaching to question answering systems, which directly answer user questions. But developing a question answering over these interlinked data sources is still challenging because of two inherent characteristics: First, different datasets employ heterogeneous schemas and each one may only contain a part of the answer for a certain question. Second, constructing a federated formal query across different datasets requires exploiting links between these datasets on both the schema and instance levels. In this respect, several challenges such as resource disambiguation, vocabulary mismatch, inference, link traversal are raised. In this dissertation, we address these challenges in order to build a question answering system for Linked Data. We present our question answering system Sina, which transforms user-supplied queries (i.e. either natural language queries or keyword queries) into conjunctive SPARQL queries over a set of interlinked data sources. Sina encounters the following challenges: - Query segmentation - Query disambiguation - Query reformulation - Formal query construction - Data fusion on Linked Data - Query cleaning